Serotonergic Neurons Mediate Operant Conditioning in Drosophila Larvae - Institut Pasteur Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2021

Serotonergic Neurons Mediate Operant Conditioning in Drosophila Larvae

Abstract

Abstract Observed across species, operant conditioning facilitates learned associations between behaviours and outcomes, biasing future action selection to maximise reward and avoid punishment. To elucidate the underlying neural mechanisms, we built a high-throughput tracker for Drosophila melanogaster larvae, combining real-time behaviour detection with closed-loop optogenetic and thermogenetic stimulation capabilities. We demonstrate operant conditioning in Drosophila larvae by inducing a bend direction preference through optogenetic activation of reward-encoding serotonergic neurons. Specifically, we establish that the ventral nerve cord is necessary for this memory formation. Our results extend the role of serotonergic neurons for learning in insects as well as the existence of learning circuits outside the mushroom body. This work supports future studies on the function of serotonin and the mechanisms underlying operant conditioning at both circuit and cellular levels.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Serotonergic Neurons Mediate Operant Conditioning in Drosophila Larvae.pdf (11.98 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)
Licence : CC BY - Attribution

Dates and versions

pasteur-04008262 , version 1 (28-02-2023)

Licence

Attribution

Identifiers

Cite

Kristina T Klein, Elise C Croteau-Chonka, Lakshmi Narayan, Michael Winding, Jean-Baptiste Masson, et al.. Serotonergic Neurons Mediate Operant Conditioning in Drosophila Larvae. 2021. ⟨pasteur-04008262⟩
2 View
6 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More