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Journal Articles Current Opinion in Microbiology Year : 2020

CRISPR screens in the era of microbiomes


Recent advances in genomics have uncovered the tremendous diversity and richness of microbial ecosystems. New functional genomics methods are now needed to probe gene function in high-throughput and provide mechanistic insights. Here, we review how the CRISPR toolbox can be used to inactivate, repress or overexpress genes in a sequence-specific manner and how this offers diverse attractive solutions to identify gene function in high-throughput. Developed both in eukaryotes and prokaryotes, CRISPR screening technologies have already provided meaningful insights in microbiology and host-pathogen interactions. In the era of microbiomes, the versatility and the functional diversity of CRISPR-derived tools has the potential to significantly improve our understanding of microbial communities and their interaction with the host.


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pasteur-02978339 , version 1 (26-10-2020)




François Rousset, David Bikard. CRISPR screens in the era of microbiomes. Current Opinion in Microbiology, 2020, 57, pp.70-77. ⟨10.1016/j.mib.2020.07.009⟩. ⟨pasteur-02978339⟩
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