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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2024

In-host evolution of Yersinia enterocolitica during a chronic human infection

Abstract

Following a pacemaker implantation, a 75-years-old patient suffered from five successive bacteremia episodes between in 1999 and 2013 despite long-term antibiotic treatment, with intermittent vegetation apparition on the device atrial lead. Four blood isolates, identified as Yersinia enterocolitica bioserotype 4/O:3, were further genetically and phenotypically characterized. Phylogenetic reconstruction showed that the patient was chronically infected by the same strain, which evolved within the host for 14 years. Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis indicates that the last two isolates evolved in parallel and formed two independent lineages within the host. Pan-genome analysis and genome comparison showed that their common evolution was characterized by 41 small insertion/deletion events, loss of three large DNA fragments and mutations in 140 genes. A phylogenetic analysis by maximum likelihood identified two genes presenting a positive selection signal, suggesting that these mutations provided a survival advantage to bacteria during chronic infection. Quinolone resistance in the last two isolates was acquired through a so far undescribed deletion in the gyrA gene. Mass-spectrometry analysis revealed a strong proteome remodeling in the last two isolates which was correlated with a truncation in the stringent response regulator DksA. A reduced carbon, energy and purine metabolism supports their severe growth defects in vitro. 3rd-generation cephalosporin resistance of the last isolate was correlated with a truncation of OmpF, the main porin translocating antibiotics through the outer-membrane, as well as an increased production of BlaA and AmpC beta-lactamases. This is the first report of genetic and phenotypic changes associated to within-host adaptation of a pathogenic Yersinia species under antibiotic pressure.
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pasteur-04610804 , version 1 (13-06-2024)

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Savin Cyril, Pierre Lê-Bury, Julien Guglielmini, Thibaut Douché, Rodolphe Buzelé, et al.. In-host evolution of Yersinia enterocolitica during a chronic human infection. 2024. ⟨pasteur-04610804⟩
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