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Journal Articles European Journal of Immunology Year : 2023

Immunomodulation under the lens of real‐time in vivo imaging


Modulation of cells and molecules of the immune system not only represents a major opportunity to treat a variety of diseases including infections, cancer, autoimmune and inflammatory disorders but could also help understand the intricacies of immune responses. A detailed mechanistic understanding of how a specific immune intervention may provide clinical benefit is essential for the rational design of efficient immunomodulators. Visualizing the impact of immunomodulation in real-time and in vivo has emerged as an important approach to achieve this goal. In this review, we aim to illustrate how multiphoton intravital imaging has helped clarify the mode of action of immunomodulatory strategies such as antibodies or cell therapies. We also discuss how optogenetics combined with imaging will further help manipulate and precisely understand immunomodulatory pathways. Combined with other single-cell technologies, in vivo dynamic imaging has therefore a major potential for guiding preclinical development of immunomodulatory drugs.
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pasteur-04075646 , version 1 (20-04-2023)


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Philippe Bousso, Capucine Grandjean. Immunomodulation under the lens of real‐time in vivo imaging. European Journal of Immunology, 2023, Accepted Articles. ⟨10.1002/eji.202249921⟩. ⟨pasteur-04075646⟩


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