SHERLOCK4HAT: A CRISPR-based tool kit for diagnosis of Human African Trypanosomiasis - Institut Pasteur Access content directly
Journal Articles EBioMedicine Year : 2022

SHERLOCK4HAT: A CRISPR-based tool kit for diagnosis of Human African Trypanosomiasis

Abstract

Background To achieve elimination of Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (gHAT), the development of highly sensitive diagnostics is needed. We have developed a CRISPR based diagnostic for HAT using SHERLOCK (Specific High-sensitivity Enzymatic Reporter unLOCKing) that is readily adaptable to a field-based setting. Methods We adapted SHERLOCK for the detection of T. brucei species. We targeted 7SLRNA, TgSGP and SRA genes and tested SHERLOCK against RNA from blood, buffy coat, dried blood spots (DBS), and clinical samples. Findings The pan-Trypanozoon 7SLRNA and T. b. gambiense-specific TgSGP SHERLOCK assays had a sensitivity of 0.1 parasite/μL and a limit of detection 100 molecules/μL. T. b. rhodesiense-specific SRA had a sensitivity of 0.1 parasite/μL and a limit of detection of 10 molecules/μL. TgSGP SHERLOCK and SRA SHERLOCK detected 100% of the field isolated strains. Using clinical specimens from the WHO HAT cryobank, the 7SLRNA SHERLOCK detected trypanosomes in gHAT samples with 56.1%, 95% CI [46.25–65.53] sensitivity and 98.4%, 95% CI [91.41–99.92] specificity, and rHAT samples with 100%, 95% CI [83.18–100] sensitivity and 94.1%, 95% CI [80.91–98.95] specificity. The species-specific TgSGP and SRA SHERLOCK discriminated between the gambiense/rhodesiense HAT infections with 100% accuracy. Interpretation The 7SLRNA, TgSGP and SRA SHERLOCK discriminate between gHAT and rHAT infections, and could be used for epidemiological surveillance and diagnosis of HAT in the field after further technical development.
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pasteur-04073409 , version 1 (18-04-2023)

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Núria Sima, Annick Dujeancourt-Henry, Blanca Liliana Perlaza, Marie-Noelle Ungeheuer, Brice Rotureau, et al.. SHERLOCK4HAT: A CRISPR-based tool kit for diagnosis of Human African Trypanosomiasis. EBioMedicine, 2022, 85, pp.104308. ⟨10.1016/j.ebiom.2022.104308⟩. ⟨pasteur-04073409⟩
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