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Journal Articles mBio Year : 2022

Involvement of Microbiota in Insect Physiology: Focus on B Vitamins


Insects are highly successful in colonizing a wide spectrum of ecological niches and in feeding on a wide diversity of diets. This is notably linked to their capacity to get from their microbiota any essential component lacking in the diet such as vitamins and amino acids. Over a century of research based on dietary analysis, antimicrobial treatment, gnotobiotic rearing, and culture-independent microbe detection progressively generated a wealth of information about the role of the microbiota in specific aspects of insect fitness. Thanks to the recent increase in sequencing capacities, whole-genome sequencing of a number of symbionts has facilitated tracing of biosynthesis pathways, validation of experimental data and evolutionary analyses. This field of research has generated a considerable set of data in a diversity of hosts harboring specific symbionts or nonspecific microbiota members. Here, we review the current knowledge on the involvement of the microbiota in insect and tick nutrition, with a particular focus on B vitamin provision. We specifically question if there is any specificity of B vitamin provision by symbionts compared to the redundant yet essential contribution of nonspecific microbes. We successively highlight the known aspects of microbial vitamin provision during three main life stages of invertebrates: postembryonic development, adulthood, and reproduction.
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Dates and versions

pasteur-03960648 , version 1 (09-09-2022)
pasteur-03960648 , version 2 (27-01-2023)




Javier Serrato-Salas, Mathilde Gendrin. Involvement of Microbiota in Insect Physiology: Focus on B Vitamins. mBio, 2022, pp.Ahead of Print. ⟨10.1128/mbio.02225-22⟩. ⟨pasteur-03960648v2⟩
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