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Journal Articles BMC Molecular Biology Year : 2008

Phi29 polymerase based random amplification of viral RNA as an alternative to random RT-PCR

Philip Dickinson
  • Function : Author
Katherine A Kong
  • Function : Author
Giulia C Kennedy
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Background Phi29 polymerase based amplification methods provides amplified DNA with minimal changes in sequence and relative abundance for many biomedical applications. RNA virus detection using microarrays, however, can present a challenge because phi29 DNA polymerase cannot amplify RNA nor small cDNA fragments (<2000 bases) obtained by reverse transcription of certain viral RNA genomes. Therefore, ligation of cDNA fragments is necessary prior phi29 polymerase based amplification. We adapted the QuantiTect Whole Transcriptome Kit (Qiagen) to our purposes and designated the method as Whole Transcriptome Amplification (WTA). Results WTA successfully amplified cDNA from a panel of RNA viruses representing the diversity of ribovirus genome sizes. We amplified a range of genome copy numbers from 15 to 4 × 107 using WTA, which yielded quantities of amplified DNA as high as 1.2 μg/μl or 1010 target copies. The amplification factor varied between 109 and 106. We also demonstrated that co-amplification occurred when viral RNA was mixed with bacterial DNA. Conclusion This is the first report in the scientific literature showing that a modified WGA (WTA) approach can be successfully applied to viral genomic RNA of all sizes. Amplifying viral RNA by WTA provides considerably better sensitivity and accuracy of detection compared to random RT-PCR.
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pasteur-03516000 , version 1 (07-01-2022)

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Nicolas Berthet, Anita K Reinhardt, India Leclercq, Sven van Ooyen, Christophe Batéjat, et al.. Phi29 polymerase based random amplification of viral RNA as an alternative to random RT-PCR. BMC Molecular Biology, 2008, 9 (1), pp.77. ⟨10.1186/1471-2199-9-77⟩. ⟨pasteur-03516000⟩
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