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Journal Articles Psychological Medicine Year : 2021

The olfactory deficits of depressed patients are restored after remission with venlafaxine treatment

Abstract

Background It is unclear whether olfactory deficits improve after remission in depressed patients. Therefore, we aimed to assess in drug-free patients the olfactory performance of patients with major depressive episodes (MDE) and its change after antidepressant treatment. Methods In the DEP-ARREST-CLIN study, 69 drug-free patients with a current MDE in the context of major depressive disorder (MDD) were assessed for their olfactory performances and depression severity, before and after 1 (M1) and 3 (M3) months of venlafaxine antidepressant treatment. They were compared to 32 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs). Olfaction was assessed with a psychophysical test, the Sniffin’ Sticks test ( Threshold : T score; Discrimination: D score; Identification : I score; total score: T + D + I = TDI score) and Pleasantness (pleasantness score: p score; neutral score: N score; unpleasantness score: U score). Results As compared to HCs, depressed patients had lower TDI olfactory scores [mean ( s.d. ) 30.0(4.5) v. 33.3(4.2), p < 0.001], T scores [5.6(2.6) v. 7.4(2.6), p < 0.01], p scores [7.5(3.0) v. 9.8(2.8), p < 0.001)] and higher N scores [3.5(2.6) v. 2.1(1.8), p < 0.01]. T , p and N scores at baseline were independent from depression and anhedonia severity. After venlafaxine treatment, significant increases of T scores [M1: 7.0(2.6) and M3: 6.8(3.1), p < 0.01] and p scores [M1: 8.1(3.0) and M3: 8.4(3.3), p < 0.05] were evidenced, in remitters only ( T : p < 0.01; P : p < 0.01). Olfaction improvement was mediated by depression improvement. Conclusions The olfactory signature of MDE is restored after venlafaxine treatment. This olfaction improvement is mediated by depression improvement.
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pasteur-03242612 , version 1 (31-05-2021)

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Romain Colle, Khalil El Asmar, Céline Verstuyft, Pierre-Marie Lledo, Françoise Lazarini, et al.. The olfactory deficits of depressed patients are restored after remission with venlafaxine treatment. Psychological Medicine, 2021, pp.1-9. ⟨10.1017/S0033291720003918⟩. ⟨pasteur-03242612⟩
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