Urinary Tract Infection in a Small Animal Model: Transurethral Catheterization of Male and Female Mice - Institut Pasteur Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE Year : 2017

Urinary Tract Infection in a Small Animal Model: Transurethral Catheterization of Male and Female Mice

Abstract

Urinary tract infections (UTI) are extremely common worldwide, incurring significant morbidity and healthcare-associated expenses. Small animal models, which accurately reflect disease establishment and progression, permit dissection of host-pathogen interactions and generation of immunity to infection. In mice, intravesical instillation of uropathogenic E. coli, the causative agent in more than 85% of community acquired UTI, recapitulates many of the stages of infection observed in humans. Until recently, however, UTI could only be modeled in female animals. This limitation has hindered the study of sex-related differences in UTI, as well as other bladder pathologies, such as cancer. Here, we describe a method to instill male mice that allows direct comparison between female and male animals and provide a detailed protocol to assess bladder tissue by flow cytometry as a means to better understand host responses to infection. Together, these approaches will aid in the identification of host factors that contribute to sex biases observed in UTI and other bladder-associated diseases.
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pasteur-01677512 , version 1 (01-03-2018)

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Anna Zychlinsky Scharff, Matthew L. Albert, Molly A Ingersoll. Urinary Tract Infection in a Small Animal Model: Transurethral Catheterization of Male and Female Mice. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, 2017, 130, pp.54432 - 54432. ⟨10.3791/54432⟩. ⟨pasteur-01677512⟩

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